Consequences of Drug Use

Specific laws on drug use, possession, manufacturing, distributing or dispensing have been enacted at the federal, state and local level.

The Controlled Substances Act

Congress gave the DEA the responsibility of enforcing the Title 21 United States Code (USC) Controlled Substances Act. This act prohibits the unauthorized possession, manufacturing, distributing or dispensing of controlled substances.

For more information on the Controlled Substances Act, go to:
www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/21cfr/21usc/index.html

For more information on state or local laws as they apply to possession, distribution, use, and other drug related activities, check the state’s legislative body, State’s sentencing commission or criminal code.

You can also obtain information about state laws on the Law Library of Congress (LOC) Website.

Drug Conviction and Eligibility for Federal Student Aid

Is it true that a drug conviction may affect a person’s eligibility for federal student aid?

Answer: Yes, eligibility might be suspended if the offense occurred while the person was receiving federal student aid (grants, loans or work-study).

Question on the Application for Federal Student Aid

Have you had a drug conviction for an offense that occurred while you were receiving federal student aid?
If you answer "yes", you need to fill out a worksheet to determine whether the conviction affects eligibility for federal student aid.

Outcome: Eligibility for aid has been suspended due to a drug conviction.

How can you regain eligibility for federal student aid?

  • Eligibility can be regained early by successfully completing an approved drug rehabilitation program, or
  • Passing two unannounced drug tests administered by an approved drug rehabilitation program.

What happens if I am convicted of a drug-related offense after I submit the federal student aid application?

  • You may lose eligibility and be liable for returning any financial aid received during the period of ineligibility.

For more information: www.studentaid.ed.gov/eligibility/criminal-convictions

Juvenile Drug Courts

Did you know that 458 juvenile drug treatment courts located all over the United States, target criminal offenders who have alcohol and drug addiction and dependency problems? The drug court typically includes:

  • Offender assessment
  • Judicial interaction
  • Monitoring (e.g., drug testing and supervision)
  • Graduated sanctions and incentives
  • Drug treatment services

For more information, www.nij.gov/topics/courts/drug-courts/

National Association of Drug Court Professionals, www.nadcp.org